用yum快速搭建LAMP平台

实验环境:

[root@nmserver-7 html]# cat  /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS release 7.3.1611 (AltArch) 
[root@nmserver-7 html]# uname -a
Linux nmserver-7.test.com 3.10.0-514.el7.centos.plus.i686 #1 SMP Wed Jan 25 12:55:04 UTC 2017 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux

1、安装apache

  1.1 安装apache

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# yum install httpd httpd-devel

  1.2 启动apache服务

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# systemctl start  httpd

  1.3 设置httpd服务开机启动

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# systemctl enable  httpd
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.

  1.4 查看服务状态

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# systemctl status httpd
● httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since 五 2017-07-21 17:21:37 CST; 6min ago
     Docs: man:httpd(8)
           man:apachectl(8)
 Main PID: 2449 (httpd)
   Status: "Total requests: 11; Current requests/sec: 0; Current traffic:   0 B/sec"
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ├─2449 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2450 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2451 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2452 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2453 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2454 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2493 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─2494 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           └─2495 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

7月 21 17:21:35 nmserver-7.test.com systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
7月 21 17:21:36 nmserver-7.test.com httpd[2449]: AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully q...ssage
7月 21 17:21:37 nmserver-7.test.com systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

1.5 防火墙设置开启80端口

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public  --add-service=http
success
[root@nmserver-7 ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public  --add-service=https
success
[root@nmserver-7 ~]# firewall-cmd --reload
success

1.6确认80端口监听中

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# netstat -tulp
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:ssh 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1084/sshd
tcp 0 0 localhost:smtp 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1486/master
tcp6 0 0 [::]:ssh [::]:* LISTEN 1084/sshd
tcp6 0 0 localhost:smtp [::]:* LISTEN 1486/master
tcp6 0 0 [::]:http [::]:* LISTEN 2449/httpd
udp 0 0 localhost:323 0.0.0.0:* 592/chronyd
udp6 0 0 localhost:323 [::]:* 592/chronyd

1.8 查服务器IP

 

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# ip addr
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1
link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
inet6 ::1/128 scope host
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: ens33: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
link/ether 00:0c:29:56:bc:cf brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 192.168.8.9/24 brd 192.168.8.255 scope global ens33
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:fe56:bccf/64 scope link
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
3: bridge0: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state DOWN qlen 1000
link/ether ea:89:d5:c7:32:73 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

1.9 浏览器登陆

2、安装mysql

  2.1安装mysql

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# yum install mariadb mariadb-server mariadb-libs mariadb-devel
root@nmserver-7 ~]# rpm -qa |grep maria
mariadb-libs-5.5.52-1.el7.i686
mariadb-5.5.52-1.el7.i686
mariadb-server-5.5.52-1.el7.i686
mariadb-devel-5.5.52-1.el7.i686

2.2 开启mysql服务,并设置开机启动,检查mysql状态

 

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# systemctl start mariadb
[root@nmserver-7 ~]# systemctl enable mariadb
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
[root@nmserver-7 ~]# systemctl status mariadb
● mariadb.service - MariaDB database server
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since 六 2017-07-22 21:19:20 CST; 21s ago
Main PID: 9603 (mysqld_safe)
CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service
├─9603 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe --basedir=/usr
└─9760 /usr/libexec/mysqld --basedir=/usr --datadir=/v...

7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:15 nmserver-7.test.com mariadb-prepare-db-dir[9524]: ...
7月 22 21:19:16 nmserver-7.test.com mysqld_safe[9603]: 170722 21...
7月 22 21:19:16 nmserver-7.test.com mysqld_safe[9603]: 170722 21...
7月 22 21:19:20 nmserver-7.test.com systemd[1]: Started MariaDB ...

 

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# netstat -tulp
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:ssh 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1084/sshd
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:mysql 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 9760/mysqld
tcp6 0 0 [::]:ssh [::]:* LISTEN 1084/sshd
tcp6 0 0 [::]:http [::]:* LISTEN 2449/httpd
udp 0 0 localhost:323 0.0.0.0:* 592/chronyd
udp6 0 0 localhost:323 [::]:* 592/chronyd

2.3 数据库安全设置

 

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 11
Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
+--------------------+
rows in set (0.02 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]>

3、安装PHP

  3.1 安装php

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# yum -y install php

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# rpm -ql php
/etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf
/etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/10-php.conf
/usr/lib/httpd/modules/libphp5.so
/usr/share/httpd/icons/php.gif
/var/lib/php/session

3.2 将php与mysql关联起来

 

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# yum install php-mysql
[root@nmserver-7 ~]# rpm -ql php-mysql
/etc/php.d/mysql.ini
/etc/php.d/mysqli.ini
/etc/php.d/pdo_mysql.ini
/usr/lib/php/modules/mysql.so
/usr/lib/php/modules/mysqli.so
/usr/lib/php/modules/pdo_mysql.so

3.3 安装常用PHP模块

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# yum install -y php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel php-bcmath

3.4 测试PHP

 

[root@nmserver-7 ~]# cd /var/www/html/
[root@nmserver-7 html]# ls
[root@nmserver-7 html]# pwd
/var/www/html
[root@nmserver-7 html]# vi info.php

<?php
phpinfo();
?>
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
~
:wq

3.5重启apache服务器

[root@nmserver-7 html]# systemctl restart http

  3.6测试PHP

在自己电脑浏览器输入 192.168.8.9/info.php,你可以看到已经安装的模块;

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